What is Dental Crown?
Dental crowns are fixed prosthetic restorations designed to preserve the original shape and size of a damaged tooth. They are permanently cemented on teeth that have been cracked, partially decayed, or otherwise damaged.
Although sometimes extending down to the root surface, crowns essentially replace the outer aspect of a natural tooth's "crown" part, so it makes sense to call the restorations "crowns."
Cause: When is a Dental Crown Needed?
As you age, your teeth age too. Decay, fillings, trauma, or even just normal chewing habits can make your teeth break down over time. A dental crown or a cap is a cover that is placed over a tooth to protect a weakened tooth from further fracturing or deteriorating. A tooth crown could also be used to protect a tooth that has had a root canal. Lastly, a new crown is necessary to simply replace an old worn down or defective crown.
Types of Dental Crown Treatment
Choosing the right type of dental crown is a decision that can be taken with your dentist; it would be better positioned to advise you on various dental crown treatment choices, and precisely which type of dental crown is ideally suited to your particular needs.
- Porcelain Crown
Dental porcelain can be sculpted to mimic the natural tooth enamel look closely while offering the desired strength and durability.
All porcelain crowns are generally considered the most aesthetic choice since they closely resemble the color and appearance of your teeth. Porcelain continues to improve and in fact, there are newly developed porcelain materials, such as zirconium and empress 2 that can better withstand the forces of chewing.
- Gold Crown
Gold crowns are a type of metal crowns. A full gold crown made entirely of gold or a gold alloy is available. Even, a gold crown can come as a PFM, made of a combination of gold and porcelain.
As a rule; the more precious metal or gold content in the metal the better the fit and better for the health of the gums around the crown. Keep in mind that fit is an important factor in sealing out the bacteria that tries to get between the crown and the tooth, possibly causing decay and premature failure of the crown.
The Dental Crown Treatment
It normally takes two visits for your dentist to complete your crown. On your first pediatric visit, your dentist will shape and prepare the tooth so the crown can properly fit over it.
Next, an impression of the tooth is taken and a temporary crown is inserted to protect the prepared tooth. This impression is then sent to a dental laboratory where a custom-fit permanent crown is made. On your second visit, the permanent crown is placed. If the fit, shape and color of the crown are satisfactory your dentist will proceed with permanently cementing it into place.
Dental Crown Post Treatment Expectations
After the successful completion of the crown it is not uncommon to feel some discomfort, mild pain when you chew, or sensitivity to temperature changes for a few days. Also, if your newly cemented crown feels too tall or your bite doesn't feel right, you should contact your dentist
Cleaning Your Dental Crown
Please keep in mind that the longevity of your tooth crown depends in large part on the materials in the crown, as well as your oral hygiene, diet and the health of the supporting tooth and gums. It is important to maintain all of your teeth with proper brushing and flossing.